Objective and design: To investigate the suppressive effects of the beta-agonist clenbuterol on the release of TNF-alpha and IL-6 in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-model of inflammation, both in vitro and in vivo.
Material and subjects: Human U-937 cell line (monocyte-derived macrophages), and male Wistar rats (200-250 g).
Treatment: U-937 macrophages were incubated with LPS at 1 microg/ml, with or without 1.0 mM-0.1 nM test drugs (clenbuterol and other cAMP elevating agents) for 1-24 h. Rats were administered either 1 or 10 microg/kg clenbuterol (or saline) orally, 1 h before intraperitoneal administration of 2 mg/kg LPS.
Methods and results: TNF-alpha and IL-6 time-concentration profiles were determined both in culture media and plasma, using ELISA' s and bioassays. LPS-mediated release of both cytokines was significantly suppressed by clenbuterol.
Conclusions: The beta-agonist clenbuterol very potently suppresses the LPS-induced release of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha and IL-6 both in vitro and in vivo.