We compared the efficacy of a modified Epley's procedure (MEP) and Brandt-Daroff exercises (BDE) for self-treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior semicircular canal (PC-BPPV) in 54 patients. PC-BPPV resolved within 1 week in 18 of 28 patients (64%) using the MEP and in 6 of 26 patients (23%) performing BDE (p<0.01). Type and adequate performance of the maneuver predicted treatment outcome in the multivariate analysis. The frequency of side effects was not significantly different between the two groups. The MEP is more suitable for self-treatment of PC-BPPV than conventional BDE.