Feedback inhibition of epithelial Na(+) channels in Xenopus oocytes does not require G(0) or G(i2) proteins

FEBS Lett. 1999 Oct 15;459(3):443-7. doi: 10.1016/s0014-5793(99)01291-0.


Regulation of amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na(+) channels (ENaC) is a prerequisite for coordination of electrolyte transport in epithelia. Downregulation of Na(+) conductance occurs when the intracellular Na(+) concentration is increased during reabsorption of electrolytes, known as feedback inhibition. Recent studies have demonstrated the involvement of alphaG(0) and alphaG(i2) proteins in the feedback control of ENaC in mouse salivary duct cells. In this report, we demonstrate that Na(+) feedback inhibition is also present in Xenopus oocytes after expression of rat alpha,beta, gamma-ENaC. Interfering with intracellular alphaG(0) or alphaG(i2) signaling by coexpression of either constitutively active alphaG(0)/alphaG(i2) or dominant negative alphaG(0)/alphaG(i2) and by coinjecting sense or antisense oligonucleotides for alphaG(0) had no impact on Na(+) feedback. Moreover, no evidence for involvement of the intracellular G protein cascade was found in experiments in which a regulator of G protein signaling (RGS3) or beta-adrenergic receptor kinase (betaARK) was coexpressed together with alpha,beta, gamma-ENaC. Although some experiments suggest the presence of an intracellular Na(+) receptor, we may conclude that Na(+) feedback in Xenopus oocytes is different from that described for salivary duct cells in that it does not require G protein signaling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Epithelium / metabolism
  • Feedback
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunit, Gi2
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go
  • Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Oocytes / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Sodium / metabolism
  • Sodium Channels / metabolism*
  • Xenopus laevis


  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Sodium Channels
  • Sodium
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunit, Gi2
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go
  • Gnai2 protein, mouse
  • Gnai2 protein, rat
  • Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins