We report a case of cerebral aspergillosis which originated from the sphenoid sinus, and involved a progressive decrease of visual acuity. The neurological signs indicated a cavernous sinus invasion. After extensive intracranial surgery we treated the residual aspergillosis with a high oral dose of itraconazole (800 mg/d for 4 months, followed by 400 mg/d for 5 months). The neurological impairments of the patient gradually subsided with the resolution of the fungal lesion shown on MRI. The successful therapy indicated that itraconazole has a significant role in the treatment of advanced cerebral aspergillosis if it is used in high doses (16 mg/kg/d for adults).