Arterial injury triggers an inflammatory response in part mediated by induction of adhesion molecules such as vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and is implicated in neointimal thickening. Since HDL is known to reduce cytokine-activated VCAM-1 expression, we tested the hypothesis that VCAM-1 expression and neontimal thickening following arterial injury are inhibited by reconstituted human HDL containing plasma-derived apoA-1 (rHDL). We used the carotid cuff injury in apoE (-/-) mice fed high cholesterol. Mice received rHDL (40 mg/kg) intravenously every other day for 3 weeks. Compared to control, rHDL treatment inhibited neointima formation (0. 008 +/- 0.004 mm(2) vs. 0.037 +/- 0.019 mm(2); P < 0.01) 21 days after injury, reduced VCAM-1 expression, and decreased monocyte/macrophage infiltration as assessed by histomorphometric analysis within the first week after injury. These changes occurred without any effect on plasma total and HDL cholesterol levels as well as the arterial tissue cholesterol levels. rHDL treatment also reduced the formation of modified lipoprotein in the arterial wall compared to control within the first week after injury. This finding suggests an antioxidant effect of rHDL associated with reduced VCAM-1 expression and neointimal formation after arterial injury.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.