Reciprocal chromosome painting reveals detailed regions of conserved synteny between the karyotypes of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) and human

Genomics. 1999 Oct 15;61(2):145-55. doi: 10.1006/geno.1999.5947.


The domestic dog is increasingly being recognized as a useful model for human disease. The aim of this study was to conduct the first detailed whole-genome comparison of human and dog using bidirectional heterologous chromosome painting (reciprocal Zoo-FISH) analysis. We used whole-chromosome paint probes produced from degenerate oligonucleotide-primed PCR amplification of high-resolution bivariate flow-sorted human and dog chromosomes. No fewer than 68 evolutionarily conserved segments were identified between the dog and the human karyotypes. The use of elongated metaphase chromosomes for both species allowed the boundaries of each evolutionarily conserved segment to be determined to subband resolution. The distribution of conserved segments is discussed, as are the applications of these data in refining the current status of the dog genome map.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromosome Painting
  • Chromosomes / genetics*
  • Chromosomes, Human / genetics
  • Dogs / genetics*
  • Genome, Human*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Karyotyping
  • Physical Chromosome Mapping