The efficacy of cognitive-behavioral and interpersonal treatments for depression in Puerto Rican adolescents

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1999 Oct;67(5):734-45. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.67.5.734.


This study evaluated the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) with depressed adolescents in Puerto Rico. Seventy-one adolescents meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed., rev.; American Psychiatric Association, 1987) criteria for a diagnosis of depression were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: CBT, IPT, or wait list (WL). Pretreatment, posttreatment, and 3-month follow-up measures of depression symptoms, self-esteem, social adjustment, family emotional involvement and criticism, and behavioral problems were completed. Results suggest that IPT and CBT significantly reduced depressive symptoms when compared with the WL condition. IPT was superior to the WL condition in increasing self-esteem and social adaptation. Clinical significance tests suggested that 82% of adolescents in IPT and 59% of those in CBT were functional after treatment. The results suggest that both IPT and CBT are efficacious treatments for depressed Puerto Rican adolescents. IPT's impact in other levels of outcome is discussed in terms of its consonance with Puerto Rican cultural values.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / standards*
  • Depression / ethnology
  • Depression / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Psychotherapy, Brief / methods
  • Psychotherapy, Brief / standards*
  • Puerto Rico
  • Treatment Outcome