Geographical variation of the skull morphology of the common tree shrew (Tupaia glis)

J Vet Med Sci. 1999 Sep;61(9):1027-31. doi: 10.1292/jvms.61.1027.


Geographical variation was examined morphologically in the common tree shrew (Tupaia glis) in some Indochinese and Malayan regions. Osteometrical examination and principal component analysis elucidated the morphological differences among various populations. The populations from southern and western Thailand were distinguished morphologically from the other populations. Variation in males from south Thailand and Kuala Lumpur suggests that the Isthmus of Kra may have an influence on the variation of skull morphology. However, the Isthmus of Kra was not completely considered as a factor of geographical separation in this species, because we could not confirm the separation in skull size and shape between the localities at least in females. While, the Kanchanaburi population in western Thailand was significantly smaller than the other population in skull size, and constituted the morphologically separable group in our study.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Borneo
  • Female
  • Malaysia
  • Male
  • Skull / anatomy & histology*
  • Thailand
  • Tupaiidae / anatomy & histology*