Distribution and intracellular localization of a mouse homologue of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase Ibeta2 in the nervous system

J Neurochem. 1999 Nov;73(5):2119-29.


Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases (CaMKs) are believed to play important roles in the development and function of the nervous system. We report here the identification and expression of mouse CaMKIbeta (mCaMKIbeta), in particular mCaMKIbeta2, an isoform of mCaMKIbeta. During embryogenesis, the mCaMKIbeta2 gene is expressed mainly in the nervous system, including brain, spinal cord, trigeminal ganglion, and retina. Within the CNS, the expression of mCaMKIbeta2 is detected in the mantle zone, but not in the ventricular zone, suggesting its possible involvement in the differentiation of neurons. In the adult brain, mCaMKIbeta2 transcripts are detected at high levels in the anterior olfactory nuclei, piriform cortex, septal nuclei, bed nuclei of the stria terminalis, hippocampal pyramidal cells, dentate granule cells, amygdala, hypothalamic nuclei, parabrachial nucleus, and nucleus of the solitary tract. The distinct gene expression pattern suggests that mCaMKIbeta2 may also be involved in different mature neuronal functions from other CaMKs. In addition, mCaMKI/beta2 proteins are localized to the cytoplasm and nuclei, but not to nucleoli, suggesting that mCaMKIbeta2 proteins might be involved in the cytoplasmic and nuclear signal transduction of the nervous system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Brain / enzymology
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 1
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / analysis*
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / chemistry
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / genetics
  • Cell Nucleus / enzymology
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cytoplasm / enzymology
  • DNA, Complementary / chemistry
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Isoenzymes / analysis*
  • Isoenzymes / chemistry
  • Isoenzymes / genetics
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nervous System / enzymology*
  • Nervous System / growth & development
  • PC12 Cells
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Rats
  • Retina / enzymology
  • Spinal Cord / enzymology
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Transfection
  • Trigeminal Ganglion / enzymology


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Isoenzymes
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 1
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Camk1 protein, mouse
  • Camk1 protein, rat
  • Pnck protein, mouse
  • Pnck protein, rat