The authors describe a technique for performing partial sectioning and myectomy of the trapezius muscle in patients with severe cervical dystonia that is unresponsive to conservative treatment. Asleep-awake-asleep anesthesia allows intraoperative control of the sectioning procedure to avoid causing postoperative weakness of arm elevation above the horizontal plane. The procedure has been performed successfully in three patients. In all cases the dystonic posture of the shoulder and local pain were improved postoperatively. There were no new deficits. This technique can be used as an adjunct to other peripheral surgical procedures in patients with marked laterocollis and dystonic elevation and ante-version of the shoulder.