Visualization of diaphragmatic fenestration associated with catamenial pneumothorax

Ann Thorac Surg. 1999 Oct;68(4):1413-4. doi: 10.1016/s0003-4975(99)00735-3.


Catamenial pneumothorax is a rare entity of unknown etiology characterized by recurrent accumulation of air in the thoracic space during or preceding menstruation. We documented the presence of a diaphragmatic fenestration during thoracoscopy, lending support for hypotheses involving diaphragmatic defects as possible avenues of air collection in the thorax.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Endoscopy
  • Female
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic / diagnosis
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic / surgery*
  • Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital
  • Humans
  • Menstruation Disturbances / diagnosis
  • Menstruation Disturbances / surgery*
  • Pneumothorax / diagnosis
  • Pneumothorax / surgery*
  • Recurrence
  • Thoracoscopy