Osteoblasts produce prostaglandins in response to a wide variety of stimuli. Induced prostaglandin synthesis is generally the consequence of elevated cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression. Agents as diverse as serum, bFGF, PDGF, PGE(2), or [TNFalpha + IL1beta] rapidly induce expression of COX-2 protein in murine MC3T3-E1 osteogenic cells. Transient transfection studies using reporter constructs containing either wild-type COX-2 regulatory sequences or mutated cis-acting sequences linked to a luciferase reporter gene identify a CRE site and two NF-IL6 (C/EBP) sites which play important roles in the regulation of COX-2 expression in response to all these agents in osteoblasts. Induction of wild-type COX-2 reporter gene expression in MC3T3-E1 cells by all these agents involves signaling through the MEKK/JNK pathway and activation of both c-Jun and the C/EBP family of transcription factors.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.