Evaluation of developmentally appropriate programs for adolescent tobacco cessation

J Sch Health. 1999 Oct;69(8):314-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.1999.tb06420.x.


Despite introduction of numerous smoking prevention programs in schools, tobacco use has not declined among adolescents. Schools face the dilemma of what to do with students who smoke and are not ready to quit. This study evaluated two programs based on the stages of change model. The educational program, the Tobacco Education Group (TEG), was designed for adolescents not yet thinking about quitting. The cessation program, the Tobacco Awareness Program (TAP), was intended for adolescents who want to quit. Evaluation was completed on 351 students at six public high schools. Compared to a control group of adolescent smokers not assigned to programs, both intervention groups significantly decreased tobacco use. Self-reported use was validated biochemically. Self-efficacy for quitting increased in both programs. Posttest use was predicted by posttest self-efficacy, peer support, and parental support, after controlling for initial use and initial self-efficacy.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior*
  • Analysis of Variance
  • California
  • Curriculum
  • Female
  • Health Education / methods
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Program Evaluation
  • Self Efficacy
  • Social Support
  • Tobacco Use Cessation / methods*
  • Tobacco Use Cessation / statistics & numerical data