Reevaluation of the incidence of thromboembolic complications in congenital factor XII deficiency--a study on 73 subjects from 14 Swiss families

Thromb Haemost. 1999 Oct;82(4):1240-6.


To further elucidate the debated role of hereditary FXII deficiency as a thrombophilic risk factor this follow-up study on 65 subjects out of 12 Swiss families was undertaken (follow-up: 6 yrs). Fifteen severely FXII deficient subjects (FXII:C < 1%), 35 partially FXII deficient subjects (FXII:C > or = 1-59%), 10 with normal FXII values (FXII:C > or = 70%), and 5 non-classifiable subjects (FXII:C > or = 60-69%) were reevaluated. Eight subjects (4 severely and 3 partially FXII deficient, 1 non-classifiable) were newly enrolled. Four instances of deep vein thrombosis, one superficial vein thrombosis and one myocardial infarction were noted in 2 out of 19 severely FXII deficient subjects during a total life-time period of 866.6 patient-years. In 38 partially FXII deficient subjects (1862.8 patient-years) one ischemic cerebrovascular stroke and one superficial vein thrombosis were recorded in 2 individuals. The 10 subjects with normal FXII values (498.2 patient-years) remained thrombosis-free. One superficial vein thrombosis occurred in an unclassifiable woman. None of the 3 different FXII gene defects revealed in our patients was specifically associated with thromboembolic complications. Kaplan-Meier analysis of thrombosis-free survival suggests that hereditary partial (and probably severe) FXII deficiency does not constitute a thrombophilic condition.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Factor XII / genetics
  • Factor XII Deficiency / complications*
  • Factor XII Deficiency / congenital
  • Factor XII Deficiency / genetics
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Thromboembolism / epidemiology*
  • Thromboembolism / etiology*


  • Factor XII