A new P450 gene has been found in humans. It has 44% sequence identity to CYP26A1 from human and mouse, which places it in a new subfamily, CYP26B. There is only one human EST from a retinal library (AA012833) that matches the coding region. No homologous ESTs are found in mouse. A zebrafish EST AI721901 shows 68% identity to the human protein. This zebrafish EST is only 41% identical to the zebrafish CYP26A1 protein sequence, so it represents the homolog of the human CYP26B1 sequence. It is not known if this gene product will act on all-trans-retinoic acid like the CYP26A1 protein or if it might hydroxylate the 9-cis- or 13-cis-retinoic acid isoforms not recognized by CYP26A1. The importance of the CYP26A1 P450 in mouse and zebrafish development flags the CYP26B1 gene as a potential developmental gene.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.