Molecular dynamics of synthetic leucine-serine ion channels in a phospholipid membrane

Biophys J. 1999 Nov;77(5):2400-10. doi: 10.1016/S0006-3495(99)77077-3.

Abstract

Molecular dynamics calculations were carried out on models of two synthetic leucine-serine ion channels: a tetrameric bundle with sequence (LSLLLSL)(3)NH(2) and a hexameric bundle with sequence (LSSLLSL)(3)NH(2). Each protein bundle is inserted in a palmitoyloleoylphosphatidylcholine bilayer membrane and solvated by simple point charge water molecules inside the pore and at both mouths. Both systems appear to be stable in the absence of an electric field during the 4 ns of molecular dynamics simulation. The water motion in the narrow pore of the four-helix bundle is highly restricted and may provide suitable conditions for proton transfer via a water wire mechanism. In the wider hexameric pore, the water diffuses much more slowly than in bulk but is still mobile. This, along with the dimensions of the pore, supports the observation that this peptide is selective for monovalent cations. Reasonable agreement of predicted conductances with experimentally determined values lends support to the validity of the simulations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Cell Membrane / chemistry
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Ion Channels / chemical synthesis
  • Ion Channels / chemistry*
  • Ion Channels / metabolism*
  • Leucine*
  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphatidylcholines / chemistry
  • Phosphatidylcholines / metabolism*
  • Porosity
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Serine*
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Water / chemistry
  • Water / metabolism

Substances

  • Ion Channels
  • Phosphatidylcholines
  • Water
  • Serine
  • Leucine
  • 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine