Purpose: To review the anatomic and visual outcomes of a series of patients with traumatic macular holes who underwent vitreous surgery without adjunctive therapy.
Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of 23 patients who underwent vitrectomy, fluid-gas exchange, and sulfur hexafluoride gas tamponade for traumatic macular holes. Anatomic success rate and final visual improvement after the surgery were studied.
Results: Medical records of 23 patients (23 eyes) who underwent this procedure were reviewed. Closure of the macular hole was achieved in 16 (70%) eyes with one surgery and in 22 (96%) of the 23 eyes with two surgeries. The mean best-corrected preoperative visual acuity was 20/160, and postoperative visual acuity was 20/60 with a mean (+/- standard deviation) follow-up of 23+/-13 months (range 3-56 months). Fourteen (61 %) of the 23 eyes achieved a best-corrected postoperative visual acuity of 20/60 or better, and 11 (48%) of the 23 eyes achieved 20/40 or better. Twenty (87%) of the 23 eyes achieved at least two lines of visual improvement.
Conclusions: Vitreous surgery without adjunctive therapy for traumatic macular holes can lead to anatomic success and visual acuity improvement in most eyes.