Alanine aminotransferase and glycine aminotransferase from maize (Zea mays L.) leaves

Acta Biochim Pol. 1999;46(2):447-57.


Alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT, EC and glycine aminotransferase (GlyAT, EC, two different enzymes catalyzing transamination reactions with L-alanine as the amino-acid substrate, were examined in maize in which alanine participates substantially in nitrogen transport. Preparative PAGE of a partially purified preparation of aminotransferases from maize leaves gave 6 fractions differing in electrophoretic mobility. The fastest migrating fraction I represents AlaAT specific for L-alanine as amino donor and 2-oxoglutarate as amino acceptor. The remaining fractions showed three aminotransferase activities: L-alanine-2-oxoglutarate, L-alanine-glyoxylate and L-glutamate-glyoxylate. By means of molecular sieving on Zorbax SE-250 two groups of enzymes were distinguished in the PAGE fractions: of about 100 kDa and 50 kDa. Molecular mass of 104 kDa was ascribed to AlaAT in fraction I, while the molecular mass of the three enzymatic activities in 3 fractions of the low electrophoretic mobility was about 50 kDa. The response of these fractions to: aminooxyacetate, 3-chloro-L-alanine and competing amino acids prompted us to suggest that five out of the six preparative PAGE fractions represented GlyAT isoforms, differing from each other by the L-glutamate-glyoxylate:L-alanine-glyoxylate:L-alanine-2-oxoglutarate activity ratio.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alanine Transaminase / chemistry
  • Alanine Transaminase / isolation & purification
  • Alanine Transaminase / metabolism*
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Glycine Transaminase
  • Molecular Weight
  • Plant Leaves / enzymology
  • Transaminases / chemistry
  • Transaminases / isolation & purification
  • Transaminases / metabolism*
  • Zea mays / enzymology*


  • Transaminases
  • Alanine Transaminase
  • Glycine Transaminase