TRAIL causes cleavage of bid by caspase-8 and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential resulting in apoptosis in BJAB cells

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Nov;265(1):130-3. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1999.1641.


A new member of the TNF family, tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), has been shown to induce apoptosis. However, the mechanism for TRAIL-induced apoptosis remains to be clarified. SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis showed that cleavage of Bid was induced by a 1-h incubation of BJAB cells with TRAIL and was blocked by a caspase-8 inhibitor. Flow cytometry demonstrated that loss of mitochondrial membrane potential in BJAB cells began about 1.5 h after the treatment with TRAIL and was apparent at 2 h in comparison with the control. DNA ladder formation, which is characteristic for apoptosis, in the cells treated with TRAIL was detected at 2 h and observed most effectively at 3 h. The time course study suggests that TRAIL causes cleavage of Bid via activation of caspase-8, subsequently the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, resulting in apoptosis in BJAB cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • Apoptosis*
  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspase 9
  • Caspase Inhibitors
  • Caspases / metabolism*
  • Cycloheximide / pharmacology
  • Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Membranes / physiology*
  • Kinetics
  • Lymphoma, B-Cell
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Membrane Potentials / physiology
  • Mitochondria / physiology*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism*


  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein
  • BID protein, human
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Caspase Inhibitors
  • Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
  • TNFSF10 protein, human
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Cycloheximide
  • CASP8 protein, human
  • CASP9 protein, human
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspase 9
  • Caspases