Recently a new noninvasive imaging technique, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been developed that has the potential to assess the coronary arteries. MRI of the coronary arteries is a challenging task because of the motion of the vessels during cardiac contraction and the motion of the heart with respiration. Several two-dimensional and three-dimensional acquisition techniques have been developed to overcome these problems. In this article we will describe different conventional MR techniques such as spin-echo and gradient-echo imaging. Also, we will describe new developments in MRI as ultrafast breathhold techniques using echo planar imaging or targeted volume scanning. Other new developments are respiratory gating techniques with or without respiratory motion correction. Finally, we will review the results of these techniques in the detection of coronary artery bypass graft patency, coronary artery stenosis, and the evaluation of coronary artery anomalies.