Lens-specific regulation of the thioredoxin-1 gene, but not thioredoxin-2, upon in vivo photochemical oxidative stress in the Emory mouse

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Nov 19;265(2):345-9. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1999.1691.


Thioredoxin (TRX)-1 and TRX-2 redox-regulatory genes were analyzed in the lens and some other tissues of the Emory mouse, a model for age-related human cataract. The cDNA transcripts of mRNAs encoding TRX-1 and TRX-2 genes were isolated and cloned by RT-PCR from the lens, liver, kidney, and tail, and the cDNA sequences were similar to the reported sequences of murine TRX-1 and TRX-2 genes. In vivo photochemical oxidative stress to the Emory mice resulted in fivefold upregulation of the lens TRX-1 gene at 3 weeks and declined thereafter. Western blot analysis revealed a fourfold increase of TRX-1 protein in the lens at 3 weeks after oxidative stress. The TRX-2 gene in the lens was not changed up to 5 weeks and decreased by 50% thereafter. However, the expressions of these genes in the liver, kidney, and tail were not changed. Fluorescent light or riboflavin alone did not affect the expressions of TRX-1 and TRX-2 genes in the lens. Thus, we show the expressions of TRX-1 and TRX-2 genes in the lens, liver, kidney, and tail and lens-specific upregulation of the TRX-1 gene and protein expressions, possibly as a protective response to the altered redox state of the lens after in vivo oxidative stress to the Emory mouse.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aging / genetics
  • Aging / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cataract / etiology
  • Cataract / genetics
  • Cataract / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation / radiation effects
  • Humans
  • Lens, Crystalline / chemistry
  • Lens, Crystalline / metabolism*
  • Lens, Crystalline / radiation effects*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Photochemistry
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Thioredoxins / genetics*
  • Thioredoxins / metabolism*
  • Tissue Distribution


  • DNA, Complementary
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Thioredoxins