Locoregional Apo2L/TRAIL eradicates intracranial human malignant glioma xenografts in athymic mice in the absence of neurotoxicity

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Nov 19;265(2):479-83. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1999.1693.


Glioblastoma multiforme is a lethal neoplasm refractory to radiochemotherapy. Although glioma cells undergo apoptosis when exposed to the death ligand, CD95 (Fas/APO-1) ligand, the therapeutic use of CD95L is considered impossible because of lethal side effects. Here, we report that the locoregional application of Apo2 ligand (Apo2L) exerts strong antitumor activity on preestablished intracranially growing human U87MG glioma xenografts in athymic mice. Two repetitive intratumoral injections of 2 microg Apo2L resulted in long-term survival of mice (>100 days), whereas the median survival of mock-treated mice was 36 days. The assessment of tumor volumes at 21 and 35 days after inoculation showed complete eradication of glioma xenografts in Apo2L-treated mice. Histology and TUNEL assay confirmed the induction of apoptosis by Apo2L in glioma cells in vivo. Importantly, the intracerebral injection of Apo2L does not result in acute or delayed neurotoxicity. We propose that a phase 1 trial of intralesional Apo2L therapy for human glioblastoma multiforme is warranted.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • Brain / drug effects
  • Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor
  • Glioblastoma / drug therapy*
  • Glioblastoma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / administration & dosage
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / pharmacology*
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / toxicity
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • Recombinant Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • Recombinant Proteins / toxicity
  • TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
  • Transplantation, Heterologous
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / administration & dosage
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / toxicity


  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
  • TNFSF10 protein, human
  • Tnfsf10 protein, mouse
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha