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Periodontal Status in Patients With Oral Lichen Planus: A Study of 90 Cases

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Periodontal Status in Patients With Oral Lichen Planus: A Study of 90 Cases

C Ramón-Fluixá et al. Oral Dis.

Abstract

Objective: This study was carried out to relate periodontal status to the oral lesions in patients with oral lichen planus (OLP).

Materials and methods: Periodontal status was evaluated in 90 patients with OLP and in 52 controls, in terms of the plaque index (PII), simplified calculus index (CIS) and periodontal disease index (PDI).

Results: No significant differences were observed between the two groups as regards the different periodontal indices. The plaque and calculus indices were higher in the more extensive forms of OLP (P = 0.02 and P = 0.012, respectively), and in the presence of gingival involvement (P = 0.004 and P = 0.04). A significant association was also observed between the presence of atrophic-erosive lesions and increased periodontal deterioration (P = 0.037).

Conclusions: Increased plaque and calculus deposits are associated to a significantly higher incidence of atrophic-erosive gingival lesions in patients with OLP.

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