Background and objectives: Radical nephrectomy has been the traditional surgical treatment for renal cell carcinoma in patients with a normally functioning contralateral kidney. The necessity for a less aggressive surgical approach has emerged in cases in which there is a need to preserve renal function.
Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the records of 41 patients with localized, symptomless small renal masses (<5 cm) treated with nephron-sparing surgery (group A) and 48 patients matched for age, tumor location, size, and stage who were treated with radical nephrectomy (group B).
Results: The 5-year cancer-specific survival rates were 97.5% and 98. 4% for the treated patients of groups A an B, respectively. No statistical association was found between cancer-specific survival and surgical approach, tumor stage, tumor location, or recurrence. The size of the primary tumor did not seem to influence the cause-specific survival. Local recurrence was observed in 3 patients (7.3%) who underwent partial nephrectomy. In our series, the overall incidence of multifocality was 10.4%.
Conclusions: We propose segmental renal resection for unifocal small adenocarcinoma of the kidney in preference to radical surgery as it is corroborated by the presented data.
Copyright 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.