Evidence for neuroprotective effects of endogenous brain-derived neurotrophic factor after global forebrain ischemia in rats

J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1999 Nov;19(11):1220-8. doi: 10.1097/00004647-199911000-00006.

Abstract

The levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) vary between different forebrain areas and show region-specific changes after cerebral ischemia. The present study explores the possibility that the levels of endogenous BDNF determine the susceptibility to ischemic neuronal death. To block BDNF activity the authors used the TrkB-Fc fusion protein, which was infused intraventricularly in rats during 1 week before and 1 week after 5 or 30 minutes of global forebrain ischemia. Ischemic damage was quantified in the striatum and hippocampal formation after 1 week of reperfusion using immunocytochemistry and stereological procedures. After the 30-minute insult, there was a significantly lower number of surviving CA4 pyramidal neurons, neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive dentate hilar neurons, and choline acetyltransferase- and TrkA-positive, cholinergic striatal interneurons in the TrkB-Fc-infused rats as compared to controls. In contrast, the TrkB-Fc treatment did not influence survival of CA1 or CA3 pyramidal neurons or striatal projection neurons. Also, after the mild ischemic insult (5 minutes), neuronal death in the CA1 region was similar in the TrkB-Fc-treated and control groups. These results indicate that endogenous BDNF can protect certain neuronal populations against ischemic damage. It is conceivable, though, that efficient neuroprotection after brain insults is dependent not only on this factor but on the concerted action of a large number of neurotrophic molecules.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain Ischemia / metabolism*
  • Brain Ischemia / pathology
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / metabolism*
  • Cell Death
  • Male
  • Prosencephalon / blood supply*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptor, Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor / genetics
  • Receptor, Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor / metabolism
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / pharmacology

Substances

  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
  • Receptor, Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins