Analysis of fetal movements by Doppler actocardiogram and fetal B-mode imaging

Clin Perinatol. 1999 Dec;26(4):829-51.


We have presented that fetal surveillance may be enhanced by use of the fetal actocardiogram and by computerized processing of fetal motion as well as fetal B-mode ultrasound imaging. Ultrasonic Doppler fetal actogram is a sensitive and objective method for detecting and recording fetal movements. Computer processing of the actograph output signals enables powerful, detailed, and convenient analysis of fetal physiologic phenomena. The actocardiogram is a useful measurement tool not only in fetal behavioral studies but also in evaluation of fetal well-being. It reduces false-positive, nonreactive NST and false-positive sinusoidal FHR pattern. It is a valuable tool to predict fetal distress. The results of intrapartum fetal monitoring are further improved by the antepartum application of the actocardiogram. Quantified fetal motion analysis is a useful, objective evaluation of the embryo and fetus. This method allows monitoring of changes in fetal movement, as well as frequency, amplitude, and duration. Furthermore, quantification of fetal motion enables evaluation of fetal behavior states and how these states relate to other measurements, such as changes in FHR. Numeric analysis of both fetal actogram and fetal motion from B-mode images is a promising application in the correlation of fetal activity or behavior with other fetal physiologic measurements.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Echocardiography*
  • Electronic Data Processing
  • Female
  • Fetal Heart / diagnostic imaging*
  • Fetal Movement / physiology*
  • Gestational Age
  • Heart Rate, Fetal / physiology
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal*