Serosurvey for selected disease agents in white-tailed deer from Mexico

J Wildl Dis. 1999 Oct;35(4):799-803. doi: 10.7589/0090-3558-35.4.799.

Abstract

Serum samples from 350 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus texanus) collected in March 1994 from northeastern Mexico were tested for the prevalence of antibody activity against five infectious diseases of ruminants. The prevalence rate was 81% for bluetongue virus (BTV) of all serotypes, 72% for epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV), 3% for Borrelia burgdorferi, 69% for Anaplasma marginale, and 0% for Brucella abortus, B. melitensis, and B. ovis. These are diseases that affect domestic ruminants, and deer may act as a reservoir of infection. In addition, if deer are translocated, they may introduce pathogens to formerly disease-free areas. The high seroprevalence of BTV and EHDV cannot be related to the presence of hemorrhagic disease in the deer in this region. This is the first report to indicate the presence of B. burgdorferi infection of deer in Mexico. Despite the high prevalence of A. marginale titers, it is uncertain that deer play a role in the epizootiology of cattle anaplasmosis in the region. Apparently, white-tailed deer are unimportant in the epizootiology of brucellosis of both cattle and goats in northeastern Mexico.

MeSH terms

  • Anaplasma / immunology
  • Anaplasma / isolation & purification
  • Anaplasmosis / epidemiology*
  • Anaplasmosis / immunology
  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / immunology
  • Antibodies, Viral / immunology
  • Blotting, Western / veterinary
  • Bluetongue / epidemiology*
  • Bluetongue / immunology
  • Bluetongue virus / immunology
  • Bluetongue virus / isolation & purification
  • Borrelia burgdorferi Group / immunology
  • Borrelia burgdorferi Group / isolation & purification
  • Brucella / immunology
  • Brucella / isolation & purification
  • Brucellosis / epidemiology
  • Brucellosis / immunology
  • Brucellosis / veterinary*
  • Deer*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / veterinary
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect / veterinary
  • Hemorrhagic Disease Virus, Epizootic / immunology
  • Hemorrhagic Disease Virus, Epizootic / isolation & purification
  • Immunodiffusion / veterinary
  • Lyme Disease / epidemiology
  • Lyme Disease / immunology
  • Lyme Disease / veterinary*
  • Mexico / epidemiology
  • Reoviridae Infections / epidemiology
  • Reoviridae Infections / immunology
  • Reoviridae Infections / veterinary*
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies

Substances

  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Antibodies, Viral