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, 4 (6), 552-7

Identification of a Novel Polymorphism of the Human Dopamine Transporter (DAT1) Gene and the Significant Association With Alcoholism

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Identification of a Novel Polymorphism of the Human Dopamine Transporter (DAT1) Gene and the Significant Association With Alcoholism

S Ueno et al. Mol Psychiatry.

Abstract

Human dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) has a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) in its 3'-untranslated region (UTR). The association between the VNTR polymorphism and neuropsychiatric disorders has been studied, but their relationship is still unclear. Here we identified a novel polymorphism in the 3'-UTR of the DAT1 gene, G2319A, and a significant association between the polymorphism and alcoholism was observed in both genotypic and allelic frequencies (P = 0.040 and 0.019, extended Fisher's exact test, respectively). There was a significant gene dose effect on the risk for alcoholism associated with the 2319-A allele (chi2 = 6.16, df = 2, P = 0.046, linearity tendency test: Cochranq-Armitage analysis). Moreover, in the haplotype analysis with G2319A- and VNTR-polymorphisms, a positive gene dose efffect on the risk with the A10 allele (P = 0.044, linearity tendency test) and a negative gene dose effect with the G10 allele (P = 0.010, linearity tendency test) for alcoholism were significantly detected. Odds ratio for alcoholism with the A10 and G10 alleles were 1.76 (1.12-2.76) and 0.53 (0.32-0.79), respectively. These results indicate that the DAT1 gene may confer vulnerability to alcoholism.

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