Viral and fungal infections of the oral cavity in immunocompetent patients

Infect Dis Clin North Am. 1999 Dec;13(4):817-31, vi. doi: 10.1016/s0891-5520(05)70110-0.


Oral lesions are easily visualized and often are signs of systemic diseases. Clinical diagnosis of viral and fungal infections can sometimes be confusing because many lesions will have similar clinical presentations. This article reviews the more common viral- and fungal-associated lesions found in the oral cavity in immunocompetent individuals. Differential diagnoses for the oral lesions are discussed and treatment options are proposed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Candida albicans
  • Candidiasis, Oral / diagnosis
  • Candidiasis, Oral / microbiology*
  • Candidiasis, Oral / therapy
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Immunocompetence*
  • Mouth Diseases / diagnosis
  • Mouth Diseases / microbiology*
  • Mouth Diseases / therapy
  • Virus Diseases / diagnosis
  • Virus Diseases / therapy
  • Virus Diseases / virology*