The type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-IR) plays an important role in both normal and abnormal growth. It is particularly important in anchorage-independent growth. Impairment of its function causes apoptosis of tumor cells and inhibition of tumor growth in experimental animals. However, the IGF-IR can also induce differentiation, and eventually cell death, of certain types of cells. Its major substrates, IRS-1 and Shc, determine whether the IGF-IR will transform cells or will cause their differentiation.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.