Different upstream transcriptional activators have distinct coactivator requirements

Genes Dev. 1999 Nov 15;13(22):2934-9. doi: 10.1101/gad.13.22.2934.


Activated transcription by RNA polymerase II (Pol II) requires coactivators, one of which is the SRB/mediator. Whereas Srb4, an essential subunit of the SRB/mediator, is broadly required for Pol II transcription in yeast, we have shown that it is dispensable for the transcriptional activation of some genes. Here, we show that transcriptional activation by different natural activators, and by artificial recruitment of various transcription factors, have very different degrees of Srb4 independence. These data, and the analysis of an rgr1 mutant, point to an Rgr1 subcomplex of the SRB/mediator as the mechanistic route of activation by Srb4-independent activators in vivo.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / physiology*
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / physiology
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Mediator Complex
  • Metallothionein / biosynthesis
  • Metallothionein / genetics
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • RNA Polymerase II / metabolism
  • Repressor Proteins / physiology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Trans-Activators / physiology*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / physiology*
  • Transcriptional Activation / physiology*


  • CUP1-1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • CUP2 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • HSF1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Heat-Shock Proteins
  • MED6 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Mediator Complex
  • RGR1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Repressor Proteins
  • SRB4 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • copper thionein
  • Metallothionein
  • RNA Polymerase II