Effect of dietary fish and exercise training on urinary F2-isoprostane excretion in non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients

Metabolism. 1999 Nov;48(11):1402-8. doi: 10.1016/s0026-0495(99)90150-6.


Despite the potential benefits of dietary treatment with marine omega3 fatty acids in cardiovascular disease, there remains concern with respect to their potential for increased lipid peroxidation. Thus far, data from in vivo studies are inconclusive. Increased lipid peroxidation has also been associated with acute exercise in some studies, but the methods have been nonspecific. The quantitation of F2-isoprostanes provides a more reliable and useful assessment of in vivo lipid peroxidation. We therefore aimed to assess the independent and combined effects of dietary omega3 fatty acids and aerobic exercise training on urinary F2-isoprostane levels in dyslipidemic non-insulin-dependent diabetic (NIDDM) patients. In a randomized controlled trial, 55 untrained, sedentary, dyslipidemic NIDDM patients were randomly assigned to a low-fat diet (30% of daily energy) with or without one daily fish meal (3.6 g omega3 fatty acids per day) and further randomized to either a moderate (55% to 65% maximal oxygen consumption [VO2max]) or light (heart rate <100 bpm) exercise training program for 8 weeks. Twenty-four-hour urine samples from 49 subjects were collected for measurement of urinary F2-isoprostanes by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry before and after intervention. The fish diets reduced urinary F2-isoprostanes by 830+/-321 pmol/24 h (20%, P = .013) relative to the low-fat diet alone. This effect was independent of age, gender, and body weight change. Moderate exercise training did not alter F2-isoprostanes. These findings show that, at least in the short-term, exercise had no effect, whereas the inclusion of regular fish meals as part of a low-fat diet reduced in vivo lipid peroxidation in dyslipidemic NIDDM patients. This response could further complement the known benefits of omega3 fatty acids and exercise favoring a reduced cardiovascular risk in diabetic patients.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / urine*
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
  • Dinoprost / urine*
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Fishes*
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipidemias / complications
  • Hyperlipidemias / diet therapy
  • Hyperlipidemias / therapy*
  • Hyperlipidemias / urine
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Dietary Fats
  • Dinoprost