We have used fluorescence in situ hybridization to examine homolog pairing during the synchronous meiosis of the basidiomycete Coprinus cinereus. Using spread preparations of meiotic nuclei, we confirmed previous studies that showed that at 6 h post-karyogamy essentially all meiotic nuclei are in pachytene. We found that homolog pairing occurs rapidly after karyogamy, that a 1 Mb chromosome does not associate more quickly than a 2.5 Mb chromosome, and that interstitial, single-copy sites can associate stably prior to nucleolar fusion. Analysis of two probes for the same pair of homologs revealed that by 4 h after karyogamy each chromosome examined was at least partially paired in all meiotic cells. In addition, these studies showed that chromatin condensation increases after pairing and that chromatin shows stable compaction at pachytene.