20q13.2 amplification in intraductal hyperplasia adjacent to in situ and invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast

Virchows Arch. 1999 Nov;435(5):469-72. doi: 10.1007/s004280050429.


The 20q13 region harboring recently described putative oncogenes is frequently amplified in invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). The aim of this study was to examine the 20q13 copy number in intraduct hyperplasia (IH), atypical duct hyperplasia (ADH), and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) adjacent to IDC. In 5 patients, comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) after laser microdissection revealed 20q13 amplification in four of five cases of IH, in all of three cases of IH with atypia, all five of DCIS, and all five of IDC. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) confirmed the amplification at 20q13.2 in IH in the two specimens analyzed. The amplification rate, however, was higher in DCIS and IDC. In phenotypically normal ductal epithelium normal values were found for 20q13 copy number by FISH (n=2) and CGH (n=5). Although the number of cases presented here is small, our results suggest that mutations in the 20q13.2 region in IH may be associated with accelerated proliferation and hyperplasia of the ductal epithelium. Progression to DCIS and ICD is accompanied by a further increase in the 20q13.2 copy number.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / genetics*
  • Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / genetics*
  • Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / pathology
  • Centromere / genetics
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 20 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Gene Amplification*
  • Gene Dosage
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Lymphatic Metastasis / genetics
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization