Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):15-8. doi: 10.1093/nar/28.1.15.


The GenBank((R))sequence database incorporates publicly available DNA sequences of >55 000 different organisms, primarily through direct submission of sequence data from individual laboratories and large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the BankIt (Web) or Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Data exchange with the EMBL Data Library and the DNA Data Bank of Japan helps ensure comprehensive worldwide coverage. GenBank data is accessible through NCBI's integrated retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping and protein structure information, plus the biomedical literature via PubMed. Sequence similarity searching is provided by the BLAST family of programs. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. NCBI also offers a wide range of WWW retrieval and analysis services based on GenBank data. The GenBank database and related resources are freely accessible via the NCBI home page at

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA / genetics
  • Databases, Factual*
  • Expressed Sequence Tags
  • Genome
  • Humans
  • National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
  • Sequence Tagged Sites
  • United States


  • DNA