Only three cases of W syndrome have been reported. These patients have a typical "pugilistic" face, incomplete oral cleft, absent upper incisors, mental retardation, spasticity, seizures, and acne scars. Two of them had additional skeletal anomalies. Here we report on three male patients with findings compatible with the W syndrome. We emphasize the importance of some constant findings and describe additional signs. Familial history supports X-linked dominant heredity, as postulated previously.
Copyright 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.