p21Waf1/Cip1 acts in synergy with bcl-2 to confer multidrug resistance in a camptothecin-selected human lung-cancer cell line

Int J Cancer. 1999 Dec 10;83(6):790-7. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0215(19991210)83:6<790::aid-ijc15>3.0.co;2-6.

Abstract

The realization that chemotherapeutic agents induce apoptosis raises the concern that tumors resistant to chemotherapy are unable to initiate the apoptotic program. In the present study, we examined the apoptosis-resistance mechanism of a multidrug-resistant cell line, A549/CPT, which was established from the human lung-cancer cell line A549 by in vitro selection with gradually increased camptothecin (CPT) concentrations. We found that A549/CPT cells were resistant to anti-cancer drug-induced apoptosis in which caspase-3-like protease activity was attenuated remarkably, compared with parental A549 cells. We observed 2 mechanisms associated with apoptosis resistance in A549/CPT cells: over-expression of anti-apoptotic bcl-2 and elevated expression of p21Waf1/Cip1. Transfection of either bcl-2 or p21Waf1/Cip1 cDNA into parental A549 cells resulted in resistance to apoptosis. Furthermore, the co-treatment of p21Waf1/Cip1 and bcl-2 anti-sense oligodeoxy-nucleotides restored drug susceptibility in A549/CPT cells more effectively than either one of them alone. These results indicate that co-induction of bcl-2 and p21Waf1/Cip1 in A549/CPT cells may be involved in acquired drug resistance by inhibiting caspase-mediated apoptosis. Agents aimed at preventing both bcl-2 and p21Waf1/Cip1 expression may increase the efficiency of chemotherapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Apoptosis / physiology
  • Camptothecin / toxicity*
  • Caspase 3
  • Caspase Inhibitors
  • Cisplatin / toxicity
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
  • Cyclins / genetics
  • Cyclins / metabolism*
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / metabolism
  • Genes, bcl-2*
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, Antisense / pharmacology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

Substances

  • CDKN1A protein, human
  • Caspase Inhibitors
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
  • Cyclins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, Antisense
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • CASP3 protein, human
  • Caspase 3
  • Cisplatin
  • Camptothecin