Our previous genome-wide analysis of allelic loss for thymic lymphomas that were induced by gamma-irradiation in F1 hybrid mice between BALB/c and MSM strains suggested the centromeric region on chromosome 11 as a site harboring a tumor suppressor gene. Interestingly, to this region the mouse Ikaros gene was mapped which was postulated to participate in oncogenic process from the study of Ikaros knockout mice. Here we show fine allelic loss mapping in the vicinity of Ikaros in 191 lymphomas, indicating that the critical region of allelic loss was centered at the Ikaros locus. PCR analysis revealed that nine lymphomas failed to give PCR-amplification for either of two exon primer pairs, indicative of homozygous deletion. Six and five mutations were detected in the N-terminal zinc finger domain and the activation domain of Ikaros, respectively, and six of the eleven were frameshift or nonsense mutations that resulted in truncation of Ikaros protein. The results strongly suggest a direct role for Ikaros in development of mouse thymic lymphomas. This provides the experimental basis for further analysis of Ikaros mutations in human cancer.