Cardiac abnormalities in diabetic patients with mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene

Jpn Circ J. 1999 Nov;63(11):877-80. doi: 10.1253/jcj.63.877.

Abstract

An A-to-G transition at position 3243 of the mitochondrial DNA is known to be a pathogenic factor for mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS), diabetes and cardiomyopathy. This mutation causes dysfunction of the central nervous system in MELAS. Because the heart, as well as the brain and nervous system, is highly dependent on the energy produced by mitochondrial oxidation, these tissues are more vulnerable to mitochondrial defects. Cardiac abnormalities were assessed in 10 diabetic patients associated with this mutation using echocardiography and 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy, and compared with 19 diabetic patients without the mutation. Duration of diabetes, therapy, control of blood glucose and diabetic complications, such as diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy, were not different between the 2 groups. Diabetic patients with the mutation had a significantly thicker interventricular septum (16.8+/-3.7 vs 11.0+/-1.6mm, p<0.001) than those without the mutation. Fractional shortening was lower in diabetic patients with the mutation than those without it (30.7+/-7.0 vs 42.5+/-6.6, p<0.001). MIBG uptake on the delayed MIBG image was significantly lower in diabetic patients with the mutation than in those without the mutation (mean value of the heart to mediastinum ratio: 1.6+/-0.2 vs 2.0+/-0.4, p>0.05). In conclusion, left ventricular hypertrophy with or without abnormal wall motion and severely reduced MIBG uptake may be characteristic in diabetic patients with a mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene.

MeSH terms

  • 3-Iodobenzylguanidine / pharmacokinetics
  • Adult
  • Body Mass Index
  • Diabetes Complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / etiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / genetics*
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / diagnosis
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / etiology*
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / genetics
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • MELAS Syndrome / diagnosis
  • MELAS Syndrome / etiology*
  • MELAS Syndrome / genetics
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitochondria, Heart / genetics*
  • Myocardium / metabolism
  • Point Mutation
  • RNA, Transfer, Leu / genetics*
  • RNA, Transfer, Leu / physiology
  • Thallium Radioisotopes
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed

Substances

  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • RNA, Transfer, Leu
  • Thallium Radioisotopes
  • 3-Iodobenzylguanidine