End-stage renal disease in two pediatric patients with Fechtner syndrome

Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 Nov;13(9):782-6. doi: 10.1007/s004670050700.

Abstract

Fechtner syndrome, a disease in the spectrum of the hereditary nephridites, is a macrothrombocytopenia associated with sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts, nephritis, and characteristic leukocyte inclusions. Renal biopsy findings are consistent with those of Alport syndrome, and the associated renal disease is said to be unusual before mid to late adulthood. Here, we review the available literature on this disease and report two African-American pediatric patients with Fechtner syndrome who rapidly progressed to end-stage renal disease during adolescence. We conclude that chronic renal failure can occur at a young age in patients with Fechtner syndrome, with a possible relation to race/ethnicity. Fechtner syndrome, or other variants of Alport syndrome, need to be considered in patients presenting with proteinuria and thrombocytopenia.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • African Continental Ancestry Group
  • Age Factors
  • Blood Platelets / pathology
  • Child
  • Female
  • Giant Cells / pathology
  • Glomerular Mesangium / blood supply
  • Humans
  • Inclusion Bodies / ultrastructure
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Kidney / ultrastructure
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / diagnosis*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / pathology
  • Male
  • Nephritis, Hereditary / diagnosis*
  • Nephritis, Hereditary / pathology
  • Neutrophils / ultrastructure
  • Syndrome
  • Thrombocytopenia / diagnosis*
  • Thrombocytopenia / pathology