Emerging infectious diseases and amphibian population declines

Emerg Infect Dis. Nov-Dec 1999;5(6):735-48. doi: 10.3201/eid0506.990601.


We review recent research on the pathology, ecology, and biogeography of two emerging infectious wildlife diseases, chytridiomycosis and ranaviral disease, in the context of host-parasite population biology. We examine the role of these diseases in the global decline of amphibian populations and propose hypotheses for the origins and impact of these panzootics. Finally, we discuss emerging infectious diseases as a global threat to wildlife populations.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amphibians*
  • Animals
  • Animals, Wild
  • Chytridiomycota
  • Ecosystem
  • Environmental Monitoring*
  • Epidemiological Monitoring
  • Host-Parasite Interactions
  • Mycoses / epidemiology
  • Mycoses / pathology
  • Mycoses / veterinary*
  • Population Surveillance
  • RNA Virus Infections / epidemiology
  • RNA Virus Infections / pathology
  • RNA Virus Infections / veterinary*
  • Ranavirus / isolation & purification*