Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Clinical Trial
. 2000 Jan;3(1):91-6.
doi: 10.1038/71163.

A Cultural Effect on Brain Function

Affiliations
Clinical Trial

A Cultural Effect on Brain Function

E Paulesu et al. Nat Neurosci. .

Abstract

We present behavioral and anatomical evidence for a multi-component reading system in which different components are differentially weighted depending on culture-specific demands of orthography. Italian orthography is consistent, enabling reliable conversion of graphemes to phonemes to yield correct pronunciation of the word. English orthography is inconsistent, complicating mapping of letters to word sounds. In behavioral studies, Italian students showed faster word and non-word reading than English students. In two PET studies, Italians showed greater activation in left superior temporal regions associated with phoneme processing. In contrast, English readers showed greater activations, particularly for non-words, in left posterior inferior temporal gyrus and anterior inferior frontal gyrus, areas associated with word retrieval during both reading and naming tasks.

Comment in

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 100 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback