Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Minority Children and Adolescents. An Emerging Problem

Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1999 Dec;28(4):709-29, viii. doi: 10.1016/s0889-8529(05)70098-0.

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disease of adults and has been considered rare in the pediatric population. Over the last decade, however, there has been a disturbing trend of increasing cases of type 2 diabetes in children, particularly adolescents, and with a greater proportion of minority children being affected. This article reviews the clinical characteristics of youth with type 2 diabetes, presents the risk factors associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, discusses treatment options, and projects future directions in research. The ultimate goal is to raise awareness of this challenging entity among healthcare professionals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diagnosis
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / therapy
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American
  • Male
  • Mexico / ethnology
  • Minority Groups*