Early diabetes-related complications in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Implications for screening and intervention

Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1999 Dec;28(4):865-82. doi: 10.1016/s0889-8529(05)70106-7.


Although children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes are faced with the threat of the acute complications of hypoglycemia and ketoacidosis on a day-to-day basis, in the long-term, the microvascular and macrovascular complications of the disease place them at greatest risk for serious morbidity and earlier than expected mortality. The families of children with diabetes should be provided with information about the complications of diabetes beginning at the time of diagnosis, and this information needs to be reinforced throughout the follow-up period. Appropriate surveillance for the earliest evidence of microvascular disease should begin at the onset of puberty and after 3 to 5 years of diabetes. Therapeutic interventions, particularly excellent metabolic control, may be exceedingly effective in preventing complication onset or significantly retarding the rate of progression.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / therapy
  • Diabetic Angiopathies / diagnosis
  • Diabetic Angiopathies / prevention & control
  • Diabetic Angiopathies / therapy
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / diagnosis
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / prevention & control
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / therapy
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / diagnosis
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / prevention & control
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / therapy
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / diagnosis
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / prevention & control
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / therapy
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors