The effect of male occupational exposure in infertile couples in Norway

J Occup Environ Med. 1999 Dec;41(12):1116-20. doi: 10.1097/00043764-199912000-00016.


The objective of the study was to assess whether reduced semen quality in infertile couples is associated with occupational exposures known to be hazardous to fertility. Results of the first semen analysis were linked to occupational exposure data from a self-administered questionnaire. Reduced semen quality was found in men exposed to electromagnetic fields (odds ratio, 3.22; confidence interval, 1.46 to 7.09). A tendency toward reduced semen quality was seen in commuters (OR, 1.52; CI, 0.89 to 2.59), shift workers (OR, 1.46; CI, 0.89 to 2.40), and men exposed to heavy metals (OR, 1.47; CI, 0.76 to 2.87). In general, the impact of occupational exposure on semen quality in infertile couples in Norway seemed to be minor. However, occupational exposure mapping is still important in individual infertility investigations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Electromagnetic Fields / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Male / etiology*
  • Male
  • Metals, Heavy / adverse effects*
  • Middle Aged
  • Norway
  • Occupational Exposure*
  • Semen / physiology*


  • Metals, Heavy