Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS or SACS) is a neurodegenerative disease frequent in northeastern Québec. In a previous study, we localized the disease gene to chromosome region 13q11 by identifying excess sharing of a marker allele in patients followed by linkage analysis and haplotyping. To create a detailed physical map of this region, we screened CEPH mega-YACs with 41 chromosome 13 sequence-tagged-sites (STSs) known to map to 13q11-q12. The YAC contig, composed of 27 clones, extends on the genetic map from D13S175 to D13S221, an estimated distance of at least 19.3 cM. A high-resolution BAC and PAC map that includes the ARSACS critical region flanked by D13S1275 and D13S292 was constructed. These YAC and BAC/PAC maps allowed the accurate placement of 29 genes and ESTs previously mapped to the proximal region of chromosome 13q. We confirmed the position of two candidate genes within the critical region and mapped the other 27 genes and ESTs to nearby intervals. Six BAC/PAC clones form a contig between D13S232 and D13S787 for sequencing within the ARSACS critical region.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.