Dose response and organ invasion of day-of-hatch Leghorn chicks by different isolates of Campylobacter jejuni

Avian Dis. Oct-Dec 1999;43(4):763-7.

Abstract

Colonization of the ceca and organ invasion by different isolates of Campylobacter jejuni were investigated in day-of-hatch leghorn chicks. This model of Campylobacter colonization of the ceca demonstrates that 1) day-of-hatch birds do not naturally contain cecal Campylobacter, 2) ceca can be colonized with C. jejuni by oral gavage and not by cloacal inoculation; 3) C. jejuni can be recovered from the ceca up until at least 7 days postinoculation, 4) cecal colonization occurs when as little as 10(2) colony-forming units is orally inoculated into chicks, and 5) different C. jejuni isolates vary both in their ability to colonize the ceca and in their ability to invade the liver. These studies demonstrate that we have a working animal model for Campylobacter colonization for day-of-hatch chicks. This animal model is being used to examine intervention strategies such as vaccines by which Campylobacter can be reduced or removed from the food animal.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Campylobacter Infections / physiopathology
  • Campylobacter Infections / transmission
  • Campylobacter Infections / veterinary*
  • Campylobacter jejuni / classification*
  • Campylobacter jejuni / isolation & purification
  • Campylobacter jejuni / pathogenicity*
  • Cecum / microbiology*
  • Chickens
  • Cloaca
  • Humans
  • Poultry Diseases / microbiology
  • Poultry Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Poultry Diseases / transmission
  • Time Factors