The Diabetes time Management Questionnaire

Diabetes Educ. Jul-Aug 1999;25(4):585-92. doi: 10.1177/014572179902500411.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the 49-item Diabetes Time Management Questionnaire (DTMQ) in individuals with diabetes. The DTMQ was designed to assess general time management skills and those specifically relevant to compliance to a diabetes healthcare regimen.

Methods: Participants completed the DTMQ; the Habits, Attitudes, and Knowledge Questionnaire of Diabetic Compliance (HAK); and the Diabetes Knowledge Schedule (DKS) to provide two indices of construct validity of the DTMQ. Three HAK items related to time management skills (HAK-TM) provided an index of concurrent criterion-related validity for the DTMQ.

Results: Test-retest stability reliability results were significant for DTMQ total and individual item scores. Concurrent criterion-related validity of the DTMQ was supported by a significant correlation with the HAK-TM items. Construct validity of the DTMQ was partly supported by significant correlations with the DKS and two HAK items measuring diet and exercise compliance.

Conclusions: The results support the use of the DTMQ to assess the time management skills of individuals with diabetes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / prevention & control*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / psychology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / psychology*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Compliance
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Care / methods*
  • Self Care / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*
  • Time Management / methods*
  • Time Management / psychology