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, 529 (1), L45-L48

Detection of Planetary Transits Across a Sun-like Star

Detection of Planetary Transits Across a Sun-like Star

D Charbonneau et al. Astrophys J.

Abstract

We report high-precision, high-cadence photometric measurements of the star HD 209458, which is known from radial velocity measurements to have a planetary-mass companion in a close orbit. We detect two separate transit events at times that are consistent with the radial velocity measurements. In both cases, the detailed shape of the transit curve due to both the limb darkening of the star and the finite size of the planet is clearly evident. Assuming stellar parameters of 1.1 R middle dot in circle and 1.1 M middle dot in circle, we find that the data are best interpreted as a gas giant with a radius of 1.27+/-0.02 RJup in an orbit with an inclination of 87&fdg;1+/-0&fdg;2. We present values for the planetary surface gravity, escape velocity, and average density and discuss the numerous observations that are warranted now that a planet is known to transit the disk of its parent star.

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