Binocular and monocular detection of Gabor patches in binocular two-dimensional noise

Perception. 1999;28(2):203-15. doi: 10.1068/p2739.

Abstract

Contrast thresholds for detecting sine-wave Gabor patches in two-dimensional externally added random-pixel noise were measured. Thresholds were obtained for monocular and binocular signals in the presence of spatial correlated (identical) and uncorrelated (independent) noise in the two eyes. Measurements were obtained at four different spectral densities of noise (including zero). Thresholds were higher for monocular stimuli than for binocular, and higher in the presence of correlated noise compared to uncorrelated noise. The magnitude of binocular summation, similar in correlated and uncorrelated noise, decreased with increasing noise strength. The independent contributions of internal noise and sampling efficiency to detection were analysed. Sampling efficiencies were higher for binocular than for monocular viewing for both types of noise, with values being higher with uncorrelated noise. Binocular stimuli showed a lower equivalent noise level compared to the mean monocular case for both types of noise.

MeSH terms

  • Contrast Sensitivity*
  • Depth Perception*
  • Humans
  • Psychological Tests
  • Psychometrics
  • Sensory Thresholds*
  • Signal Detection, Psychological*
  • Vision, Binocular
  • Vision, Monocular
  • Vision, Ocular*